b'The Academic Regalia and Founding OrderThe academic dress worn by scholars originated in the Middle Ages. When European universities were taking form in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the scholars usually were clerics as well, and they adopted garb similar to that of their monastic orders. Buildings were cold and drafty, so caps and warm, floor-length capes with hoods were necessities. As the control of education passed from the churches, the garb was modified in various ways, and there was great diversity in color and style of cap, gown, and hood worn at the different institutions. The custom of wearing academic dress was brought to America in colonial times, but it was not until 1895 that a standardized code of academic dress was established and followed by most colleges and universities in the United States.Both cap and gown are symbols. According to legend, the privilege of wearing a cap was the initial right of a freed Roman slave. The academic cap, therefore, has become a sign of the freedom of scholarship. The flowing gown has become symbolic of the democracy of scholarship, for it covers clothing that could indicate rank or social stratum. At the University of Washington, the bachelors and masters gowns are black. The matching Oxford cap, or mortarboard, has a long tassel fastened to the middle of the top. The tassel is worn pendant over the left side of the cap. The colors of the tassels or hoods are distinctive of the candidates school or college. College of Arts and SciencesSchool of Forest Resources School of DentistryBachelor of Arts WhiteRussetLilacBachelor of Design BrownSchool of Marine Affairs School of LawBachelor of Fine Arts BrownGolden YellowPurpleBachelor of Music PinkSchool of OceanographyBachelor of Science Golden Yellow Golden Yellow School of MedicineCollege of Built EnvironmentsEvans School of Public Policy and Governance GreenBlue Violet Peacock Blue School of NursingCollege of EducationFoster School of Business ApricotLight Blue Royal Blue School of PharmacyCollege of EngineeringGraduate SchoolOlive GreenOrange Doctoral degreesGoldSchool of Public HealthCollege of the EnvironmentMasters degreesBlack Salmon PinkGolden YellowInformation School School of Social WorkSchool of Aquatic Fishery & SciencesLemon CitronGolden Yellow The doctoral gown at the University of Washington is purple with velvet facing and three bars of velvet on the sleeves. Doctoral degree candidates in Medicine, Law, Dentistry and Pharmacy wear the black professional doctoral gown with black chevrons on the sleeves. Advanced degree (doctoral and masters degree) candidates also wear the academic hood, the traditional garment that signifies high scholarly attainment. The colors of the masters and professional degree hoods are distinctive of the candidates degree earned. The doctoral hood of bright satin purple and gold reflects the colors of the University of Washington.Graduates enter the stadium and are presented for degree conferral according to the founding order of the schools and colleges.The schools and colleges awarding degrees were established in: College of Arts and Sciences, 1861; College of Education, 1878; School of Pharmacy, 1894; School of Law, 1899; College of Engineering, 1901; College of the Environment, 2009 (College of Forest Resources, 1907, School of Fisheries, 1919); Graduate School, 1911; The Information School, 2001 (Graduate School of Library and Information Science, 1911); Foster School of Business, 1914; School of Nursing, 1945; School of Dentistry, 1946; School of Medicine, 1946; College of Built Environments, 2009 (College of Architecture and Urban Planning, 1957); School of Social Work, 1958; Evans School of Public Policy and Governance, 2000 (Graduate School of Public Affairs, 1962); School of Public Health, 1970.5 '